What's the Difference Between Frontend and Backend Development?

What's the Difference Between Frontend and Backend Development?

Suppose you are walking in a street and you see a shop’s front all shiny and attracting you to visit the shop. The shop fronts are appealing because of its attractive window dressing, creative hanging board, outside display, or lot many other factors that have pulled you inside the shop. In the same way, in the web world, all the outside setup that allures the user to visit the website is called the frontend.

So, let's move further and understand frontend and backend terms in a bit of technical language.

Frontend development:

Many times, people often get confused between frontend and backend development. Frontend developers work on what the user can see, while backend developers build the infrastructure that supports it.

Frontend and back-end developers work hand-in-hand to create the systems required for a website or application to function properly. Frontend handles the user interface whereas the back-end refers to the server, application, and database, which is the backstage work that holds the responsibility of delivering information to the user.

Frontend development (also known as client-side development) is anything or everything that you see and interact with using the browser. The process for creating interaction is called front end development. It is developed using JavaScript, CSS, and HTML.

Frontend Development Languages



Hypertext Markup Language is the backbone of the website, as without it the existence of the website is not possible. Hypertext means that the text has links embedded in it and on clicking it will redirect the user to another web page. It gave a structure to the web document by defining headlines, paragraphs, embedded images, videos, GIFs, and other media. The latest version of HTML is HTML5.

HTML comprises shortcodes as text known as tags. These tags such as <input/>, <img/> are saved as HTML files, and we can view them with the help of a browser. It is important to note here that tags are not displayed in the page content, but used in interpreting content on the page. The browser then converts these tags into visible form. Add-on features of HTML5 like support for audio and video content, offline media storage support, precise content elements, etc, make the update more relevant.


Cascading Style Sheets is a style sheet language that is used to define how HTML elements will look or be presented in the webpage in the terms of layout, design, diverse devices on different screen sizes.

● JavaScript

JavaScript a.k.a JS is a high-level programming language. It supports functional, event-driven, and imperative programming styles. It is used to build and control dynamic website content like interactive forms, animated graphics, and scrolling videos.

Tools for frontend development


● Vue.js

Vue.js is a promising frontend tool for web developers to build single-page applications and user interfaces. Its components are extended parts of HTML elements to encapsulate reusable code. Brands like Xiaomi and Alibaba are using it and have a huge share market, especially in the Asian market. It is an ideal choice where lightweight and high performance are the prime requirements. Debugging in Vue runs parallel to the coding process, helping even a junior developer to code with much ease.

● jQuery

It is a small, rich-featured, and fast JavaScript library. It helps in making things easy like Ajax, HTML document traversal, animation, event-handling, manipulation by using APIs that work on different browsers. With it, you can create great documentation, highly interactive web applications, and above all, it is free to use.

● Github

Making a pesky mistake is the thing of the past with Github. It is a cloud-based service that allows developers to store, edit, and manage their code along with the power to track and control the code. Its version control helps developers to track and manage changes in the project code as with the growth of the project, control becomes primarily important. It has a free and premium version.

● TensorFlow

Google’s TensorFlow is the python open-source software library that makes development easy and fast. It accepts data in the form of multi-dimensional arrays of higher dimensions. It allows developers to create data flow graphs that have edges and nodes. Instead of focusing on the nitty-gritty details of implementing, it lets developers focus on the overall logic of the application. It is available for Android, iOS, Windows, 64-bit Linux, and macOS.

● Angular.js

AngularJS is an open-source frontend framework mainly used to build MVC-based web applications. It is used in Single Page applications as it simplifies development and testing.

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Backend Development

Backend development mainly focuses on how websites will work and for that developers write codes that focus on the logic and functionality of the websites. They make use of the servers, applications, and database to achieve the flawless website goal. Backend developers write APIs, create libraries, write codes that interact with databases, work on data architecture, and business processes. The entire development process totally depends on the kind of website and its specific role.


Now let’s carry forward our store example on the street. Now, once you get inside the shop, you see mesmerizing clothes placed on racks, the billing system that is rolling out the fast billing, and warehouse where all inventories are stored, or anything that is supporting the store to function smoothly is called back-end and in the web world, the supportive language, the coding behind your request which enables to pull out your request and revert you with the result is called back-end.

Backend Programming Languages


● Java

One of the important languages of backend programming in Java. Based on the principle of “Write Once, Run Everywhere”, it is a popular choice for client-server web applications. It is considered the most efficient programming language as it is fast, secure, and reliable. Because of its efficiency, it is widely preferred by organizations across the world. It is a platform-independent that offers significant community support. Some prime users of Java include Airbnb, LinkedIn, HubSpot, and many more.


PHP is a popular server-side programming language with 79.2% of all websites, especially the core programming of WordPress is majorly in PHP. It is used to develop dynamic/static websites or web applications. It is a primary choice of developers because it is effectively interfaced with SQLite, Oracle, MySQL, and several other databases. Some leading companies using PHP include Facebook, Lyft, Hootsuite.

● C#

It is a high-level programming language where developers can write programs that are interdependent on a particular type of computer. It is used for general purposes for building mobile applications, games, enterprise software, and Windows applications.

● Python

Spotify, NASA, YouTube, Google. Python is everywhere. Python is a very popular language due to its usage in an artificial language. It supports multiprogramming paradigms like functional programming, object-oriented, and structured. It is a universal language, as found in various types of applications. It helps developers with clear, logical code with its object-oriented and language construct approach.

● Node.js

It is an open-source back-end JavaScript that helps to develop fast and scalable web applications. It is capable of asynchronous I/O. It uses JavaScript to write command-line tools and server-side scripting for dynamic web pages. Node.js package ecosystem is the largest ecosystem of open source libraries in the world.

Concluding Words

After reading about frontend and backend in-depth, we offer the doubt between might have got cleared. Based on your business requirement, you can find the best web development company Ahmedabad. The right development company can help you unlock the next level, so go and make the correct choice.